Tuesday, July 7, 2015

Genesis Bible Study, Chapter 3


                                                              Ford Madox Brown, Public Domain

God did not create man after any of the models of angels, seraphs, cherubs or other existing orders of beings. These, by their names and other biblical revelation, are seen to possess great might and are called principalities and powers. 

Man was created tied to the earth and would be beneath the lowliest angel in power and rank, yet he was created in the image of God.

“For thou hast made him a little lower than the angels.” Psalm 8:4,5; Hebrews 2:6-8

There is a passage in scripture indicating the interest of the angel hosts in all events which concern man, the earth, and the plan of God. In addition, Peter tells us that the OT writers studied their own writings in order to find out the meaning of the revelations from God of which they had been the channel in 1 Peter 1:10-12.

The passage closes with a statement to the effect that the angels themselves were intensely occupied with this same study. (Stronger in the Greek than in English: 'Things in which angels long to look')

Genesis 3:1 THE SERPENT

Demonic spirits evidently have the ability to indwell or “possess” either human bodies or animal bodies; and the text suggests that possibly Satan chose the serpent as suitable for his purposes.  Luke 8:33

Serpent: The Hebrew word is ‘nachash'   (Strongs Concordance #5175, from 5172)

The word ‘nachash’ can function as a noun, a verb, or an adjective.

Strong’s Concordance-

As a noun 'nachash' means “snake or serpent.”

As a verb ‘nachash’ means to practice divination, enchant, bewitch, etc.
It also means to hiss, mutter or whisper, as do enchanters. It also means in a secondary sense to divine, or enchant or mesmerise, as a snake often does before catching its prey.

As an adjective ‘nachash’ means: ‘bright, brazen, shining brass’ and is translated to ‘shining one.’ It also has the meaning to shine or sparkle, like bronze or copper.
Some Scriptures also tell us that Satan has an extremely attractive appearance ( 2 Corinthians 11:3,14), and this Hebrew word therefore also conveys the meaning to fascinate/charm and bewitch. Deuteronomy 18:10-14.

Some maintain it originally meant ‘shining upright one.’ Consider that angelic or divine beings are often described in the Bible as shining or luminous.
(Ezek. 1:13-14, 26-27, Dan 10:6, and also Mar 9:3 and Luke 24:4).

What’s significant about this is that the name Lucifer comes from the Latin Vulgate translation of the Hebrew in Isaiah 14:12, “Helel ben-Shachar” and literally means, “Shining One, son of the Dawn.”

With the help of the serpent, Adam and Eve did sin. But God reacted in a way that this adversary did not anticipate; He gave them another chance.

And while the humans were driven from the Garden of Eden, at least they weren’t destroyed. But even more important; God made a way so that their transgression could be atoned for. And He knew that one day a human child of Eve would undo the effects of the fall in the Garden.


The temptation of "the first man Adam" began with the question "Hath God said?"

The temptation of "The second man, the Lord from heaven" began with the similar question "If Thou be the Son of God," when the voice of the Father had scarcely died away, which said "This is my beloved Son."

All turned on the truth of what God had said!

Temptation of Eve:  Genesis 3:1-5

The Word of God being questioned, led Eve in her reply….

(1) to omit the word "freely" -----Genesis 3:2, Genesis 2:16,

               (Eve) - "We may eat of the fruit of the trees of the garden"
              (LORD God) - "Of every tree of the garden thou mayest freely eat"

(2) to add the words "neither shalt thou touch it" ---- Genesis 3:3,  Genesis 2:17.

               (Eve) - "God hath said, Ye shall not eat of it, neither shall ye touch it"
               (God) - "thou shalt not eat of it"

(3) to alter a certainty, by changing the meaning.

               (God) -" Thou shalt surely die" - (Genesis 2:17)
               (Eve) - "Lest ye die" - (Genesis 3:3).

Temptation of Jesus  Matthew 4:1-11

It is not without significance that the first words of "the second Man" were "It is written", three times repeated; and that His last Ministerial words contained a similar threefold reference to the written Word of God (John 17: 8, 14, 17).

Why was Satan’s temptation to Eve successful?
The Word of God was misrepresented three times.

Why was Satan’s temptation to Jesus defeated?
The same Word was faithfully repeated; "It is written"

Satan’s Questions and Response to Eve:

 “Has God said you shall not eat of any of the fruit of the trees?”(Here Satan is questioning God’s Word with a note of mocking condescension at Eve’s naive acceptance of God’s command, along with an inference that God was not quite as good and loving as she thought.)  

Genesis 3:4,5

First Satan questions God’s authority and goodness, then he completely denies His Word, calling God a liar.

“Ye shall not surely die” (Instilling doubt and directly challenging God’s Word)
Then he suggested God had another motive to withhold this knowledge.

“Ye shall be as gods/like God” (You’re missing out/you deserve more). This was the temptation that had led to Satan’s downfall (Isaiah 14:13,14) and it was a temptation to Eve as well.

*As soon as one denies God’s Word or questions His sovereign goodness, he is really setting himself up as his own god because he decides for himself what the standards of truth and righteousness are.  The same temptation comes to us day after day. We must resist the devil and have faith in God.


To Eve it seemed that the fruit was...

1) Good for food: something appealing to the physical, bodily appetite. (Lust of the flesh)
2) Pleasant to the eyes: something appealing to the emotions, the esthetic senses. (Lust of the eyes)
3) Able to make one wise: appealing to the mind and spirit, to pride of knowledge and spiritual insight. (anything that exalts us above our station and offers the illusion of God-like qualities, wherein we boast in arrogance and worldly wisdom is the pride of life.) (Pride of life)

1 John 2:16 “For all that is in the world, the lust of the flesh, and the lust of the eyes, and the pride of life, is not of the Father, but is of the world.”

Temptation may be directed at the body, soul or spirit, or against all three at once as with Eve and Jesus.

The source of the temptation is said by James to be “earthly, sensual, devilish” James 3:15   
The woman being deceived was in the transgression, which seems to place the main blame on her, accounting for her being cursed and made subject to man. 1 Timothy 2:14

However, Adam’s sin was deliberate. In fact, it was not by Eve’s sin, but by Adam’s that “sin entered into the world, and death by sin.” He was the true federal head of the race (Eve herself having been formed from him), and it was “through the offence of one that many be dead.” Romans 5:15

Genesis 3:7

Their eyes were opened and they knew they were naked.  A sense of guilt and shame came over them. They covered themselves with fig leaves. They realized what they had done and hid.

(Compare Isaiah 64:6 filthy rags of self made righteousness, Isaiah 61:10 garments of salvation)

Genesis 3:8-10

Adam and Eve had hidden themselves from God. Their excuse was that they were naked and afraid.

*The shame of nudity is no artificial inhibition introduced by the conventions of civilization. It has its source in this awareness of sin and is only discarded when the moral conscience has been so hardened as to lose all sensitivity to sin. 

The Bible tells us that clothing is also worn in heaven (Rev 19:14)

Genesis 3:11-13 Who Told You?

Adam would not have known he was naked unless he had disobeyed God.

Hast thou eaten of the forbidden fruit?  An opportunity to confess?

Adam blamed his wife and God, Eve blamed the serpent, neither willing to acknowledge personal guilt.

There is no indication of repentance, only attempts to justify themselves. How much like us!

What actually happened?

1) Their eyes were opened
2) They were ashamed, they feared, they experienced guilt.
3) They began to die.  (In Adam all die. All his descendants. Rom 5:12; 1 Cor 15:22)
4) Fellowship with God was broken.
5) No longer permitted to eat from the tree of life.
6) Cast out of the Garden.
7) They were cursed.
8) They now knew evil through their disobedience.
9) There was now a sacrifice required.

Based on what the serpent said, what didn’t happen?

1) They did not truly become as God, although now they knew the difference between good and evil and everything associated with that.

That's the way it is with sin. It promises so much but delivers so little. What it does deliver, we didn't expect (shame, guilt, death).

Genesis 3:14  What about the curses?

For Adam and Eve, their subjection under the curse was in hope (Romans 8:20) of eventual redemption; for Satan it was final and irrevocable. He had not only rebelled against God in heaven, but now he had also infected mankind with his rebellion.

The serpent was cursed above all animals. Whatever was its beauty and posture before, it would go on its belly and be an object of dread and loathing by all. 

(All other animals were brought under the curse at this time as well. Each was a part of man’s dominion and everything in that dominion was affected through sin.)

Doesn’t that rule out the translation of a “shining one” and keep with the traditional interpretation of a snake?” 

That would be a misguided approach since it would make more sense if the curse were directed at a fallen divine being than a snake. First consider the curse with respect to Eve. God tells the serpent that there will be enmity between the offspring of Eve (humankind) and the offspring of the serpent.  If the nachash were an actual snake then all humans would hate or fear snakes and snakes by nature would exist to attack and harass humans. That is not the case.

God also tells the serpent that he will eat dust all the days of his life. Snakes do not eat dirt as a means of sustenance so the curse is not meant to be taken literally. If that were the true it would make a great case for evolutionists. 

Eating the dust of the earth was a term used for someone of lowly social status of defeat. (Micah 7:16-17, Isa 49:23).

If all Scripture is to agree with itself then a divine super natural being is the only explanation of what tempted Eve and not a snake.

When Satan is spoken of as a “serpent”, it is an implication or figure of speech.
For example, Dan is called a serpent in Gen. 49:17;

Nero is called a “lion” (2Tim. 4:17);
Herod is called a “fox” (Luke 13:32);

Judah is called “a lion’s whelp."

It is the same when “doctrine” is called “leaven” (Matt. 16:6).

It shows that something much more real and truer to the truth is impressed; and is intended to be a figure of something much more real than the letter of the word.

Genesis 3:15,16

I will put enmity between thee and the woman and between thy seed and her Seed.

The earth had originally been put under man’s dominion. By persuading them to follow his word instead of God’s word, Satan probably believed that he had now won the allegiance of the first man and woman and all their descendants. They would be allies in his effort to dethrone and vanquish God. Satan was now the “god of this world” 2 Cor. 4:4.

However....God had now put enmity between them and their seed.

Note that Eve’s “Seed” is capitalized. What does this mean?

This is the first prophetic implication of a coming Saviour.

Christ will be uniquely the Seed of the woman, miraculously conceived and virgin-born. This One would not be of the man’s (Adam’s) ‘seed,’ and therefore not under Satan’s dominion. (more at Seed of the Serpent, Seed of the Woman below)

God prophetically announces the outcome and man’s hope. Satan will be completely crushed beneath the feet of the woman’s Seed, but first the serpent is able to ‘bruise the heel’ of the woman’s Seed. 

 One day a Saviour would come who would destroy the devil and reconcile man to God.

The bruising of Christ’s heel is the most eloquent and impressive way of foretelling the most solemn events; and to point out that the effort made by Satan to evade his doom, then threatened, would become the very means of insuring its accomplishment; for it was through the death of Christ that he who had the power of death would be destroyed; and all Satan’s power and policy brought to an end, and all his works destroyed (Heb. 2:14; 1 John 3:8; Rev. 20:1-3, 10). 

What literal words could portray these literal facts so wonderfully as these expressive Figures of speech?

Seed of the serpent? Seed of the Woman?

As far as we know in this situation, the Serpent would not produce seed.

The woman could not produce seed. 

Therefore, these 2 seeds must refer to spiritual progeny!!!

Satan’s seed consists of those who wilfully set themselves at enmity with the seed of the woman. John 8:44; Ephesians 2:2,3

The seed of the woman would be those in the human family who are brought into right relationship with God through faith, children of the Father.

In addition, there is one primary seed of the serpent and one primary seed of the woman.

The former is the “son of perdition” 2 Thess. 2:3, the end time antichrist.
The primary seed of the woman is the Lord Jesus Christ.

Satan did not know when this would happen, so may have assumed it would be Eve’s firstborn. As a result Satan has continued his attack against the males born in the promised line in case one of them was the promised Seed.


Specific Curse of the Woman.  Verse 16

-As the mother of all living, Eve would experience and pass on a greatly multiplied suffering during childbirth.

This is a recurring reminder of her sin, and yet it comes with a blessing. John 16:21

-She acted independent of her husband in her decision to taste the desired fruit, but now her husband would rule over her and her desire would be for him.

An insatiable desire or yearning for his time, his attention, affection and assurance. Her need would be so great, but her now sinful husband would seldom be willing to meet it. "He shall rule over you."
(The Honeymoon is Over - The Story of Adam & Eve. Bible.org.)

Generally speaking, in many cultures man has subjugated woman with little regard for her own personal feelings and needs. Such harsh rule went far beyond God’s intention. Though the husband was the head of the house, he was to love and cherish his wife, considering her to be one flesh with him and clinging to his wife. (Genesis 2:23,24)

Genesis 3:17-19

The ground (earth) was cursed.

The earth had previously cooperated as the man worked in it, but now it would become reluctant to yield his food and would bring thorns and weeds requiring toil, sweat and tears before man could eat of it.

The curse on man was fourfold:

Sorrow: resulting from continual disappointment and futility

Pain and suffering: signified by the thorns which hinder man in his efforts to provide a living for his family

Sweat/tears: the intense struggle against a hostile environment

Physical death: which would eventually triumph over all man’s efforts.

The Second Adam: was the man of sorrows, acquainted more with grief than any other man, wounded, bruised and chastised, wore the thorns as His crown. In the agony of His labor, he sweat drops of blood, offered up prayers and supplications with strong crying and tears and finally died. He bore all the curse Himself for us and the former things are passing away. Genesis Record pg 128

(Gal. 3:13, Isaiah 53:3-5, Luke 22:44, Mark 15:17)

There will be no more curse when Christ returns to purge and renovate the earth. Malachi 4:2; Rev 22:3

Genesis 3:20

Adam named the woman, Eve: (Life spring)

She was the mother of all living.

He thereby indicated his faith in God’s promise that they would have children, and that God would send the Seed of the woman to bring salvation.

No children were born to them before the fall as then those children would have been born in a sinless state. The Bible tells us that all died “in Adam” 1 Cor 15:22

Genesis 3:21

God provided a covering for their nakedness. This would have required shedding of innocent blood.  Leviticus 17:11 They learned, in type, that an atonement (covering) could only be provided by God and through the shedding of blood on the altar.
John 6:53-56

Genesis 3:22-24

Apparently the Garden of Eden continued to exist for some time after Adam and Eve left. The tree of life still grew there, but man was prevented from eating of it.

Man had “become as one of us, to know good and evil….”

This statement has a tone of sadness and the sentence is left unfinished...as if to hasten to avert the tragedy suggested of men living on forever in their now fallen state.

Prior to this man had only known the goodness of God, but now he had experienced the evil inherent in rejecting God’s word.

His hope for ‘god-ness,’ as promised by the serpent was not as he expected. He had been created uniquely in God’s image, but now that image was marred and defaced by his experience of evil.

Did Adam and Eve want to leave the Garden?
They were driven out from the presence of God and separated from Him.

Where did they go to?
Back to till the ground from which Adam was originally taken.

The Cherubim Guards

God placed Cherubim to “keep” or guard the way of the tree of life. There were two, with a flaming  sword flashing around them.

These creatures were the highest in the angelic hierarchy and are always associated with the throne of God (Psalm 18:10; 80:1; 99:1).

Cherubim are described in Ezekiel 1:4-28, Ez. 10:1-22, Rev. 4:6-8.

Later, His presence was revealed over the mercy seat in the holy of holies in the tabernacle. Exodus 25:17-22; Hebrews 9:3-5.

This mercy seat is overshadowed by two golden representations of the cherubim.

It was here that once a year the high priest entered with the sacrificial blood of atonement to sprinkle over the mercy seat.

It is possible that it was here, between the cherubim guarding the way to the tree of life that God continued to meet with Adam and his descendants who desired to know Him? He had shown Adam and Eve that an atonement required the shedding of innocent blood to provide a “covering” for the guilty.  Possibly at an appointed time and place, men were able to meet God, being careful to approach Him with an offering marked by the principle of substitution – the innocent for the guilty.

One’s attitude of the heart determines his destiny in eternity. If he accepts God’s Word, by faith in God’s provision through the shed blood of the Redeemer, then he is of the ‘seed of the woman.’ 
If he rejects God’s Word, relying on his own merits to earn salvation, he is fulfilling his own will in place of Gods’ will. He is presuming to be ‘as gods, knowing good and evil,” and consequently becomes of the serpents’ seed.


Chapter Three Hand Outs

One Will, Two Wills, Freewill
Who is the Morning Star?
What's His Name & His Limitations



Ephesians 6:12 “For we wrestle not against flesh and blood, but against the principalities, against powers, against the rulers of the darkness of this age, against spiritual hosts of wickedness in the heavenly places.”

After God’s creation, He said that everything was good! So where did this enemy come from and why is he opposed to God?

The Bible tells us that God placed a mighty being to rule and govern in His name.  This being was created with more power and beauty than any other. This spirit being was called Lucifer, “Day Star,” “son of the morning.”

Lucifer, upon his creation, took his place as the highest, most beautiful, most powerful and wisest of the created beings of God. In the first moment of his existence, he awoke in the beauty and power of his exalted position; surrounded by all the magnificence which God gave him. He had never known a lesser moment!! He saw himself as above all the hosts in power, wisdom and beauty. Only at the throne of God did he see more than he himself possessed.

In Ez. 28:14 it states “I had placed thee and thou was upon the holy mountain of God” (a mountain is the symbol of government). Before his fall he may be said to have occupied the role of prime minister for God.

Satan is a created being (Ezekiel 28:15) as are the other hosts of heaven, and they were all ministering spirits “for them who shall be heirs of salvation” (Hebrews 1:14).

At some point this being became filled with pride and decided he could govern independently from God. He proclaimed he would set up an independent rule, and a third of the angels joined him in his rebellion against God. These are the company of fallen angels and demons. Ezekiel 28:15-17

When did this take place? According to the time allowed in the Gap Theory? During or just before the Fall of man? Prior to the creation of the heavens and the earth?

Ezekiel 28:1-19 The first part of the chapter is a lamentation against someone called the PRINCE of Tyre. This was probably a contemporary of Ezekiel.  In the eleventh verse there seems to be a change of address.  This is against the KING of Tyre. In the judgment addressed to this King, it is apparent that a being above and beyond the sphere of humanity is in view. (The Lord on several occasions addresses Satan indirectly: Gen. 3:15; Matthew 16:22,23; Ezekiel 28:12; Isaiah 14:9-11; 14:12).

Now, behind every earthly power there is a satanic power lurking, seeking to control and dominate for the glory of Satan. However, all that Satan has done or is doing or will do is by the permissive will of God.

Satan is still working within the limits of the eternal plan of God.


One Will, Two Wills, Freewill

Ezekiel 28:15 “Thou was perfect in thy ways from the day that thou was created, till iniquity was found in thee”

Until iniquity was found in the heart of Lucifer, all was order and harmony. There was only one will in the universe, and that was the will of God.  Isaiah 45:7 is the declaration by God that sin originated in the heart of Lucifer, His created being.


Isaiah 14:13,14 “For thou hast said in thine heart, I will ascend into heaven, I will exalt my throne above the stars of God; I will sit also upon the mount of the congregation, in the sides of the north: I will ascend above the heights of the clouds; I will be like the most High”

There came into the universe a second will, rising from the heart of Lucifer, the highest and most wonderful of all the created beings in the universe. There was now a second voice saying “I will”.”

Luke confirms this in the passage of Christ’s Temptation and Satan’s offering to Him there:

Luke 4:5-7 “All this power will I give thee, and the glory of them: for that is delivered unto me; and to whomsoever I will I give it (the kingdoms of the world). If thou therefore wilt worship me, all shall be thine”

A careful reading of these verses in which Satan is speaking will show that in the three words italicized, they say, flatly: “mine is the kingdom, the power and the glory.” This is a challenge by Satan of the right of Christ to enter into the principality which Satan held and over which he now claimed right of possession.

Jesus answers to the point: “Get thee behind me Satan: for it is written, Thou shalt worship the Lord thy God and Him only shalt thou serve.” (vs 8)

Then immediately after the temptation He gathers His disciples on the mount in teaches them the disciples’ prayer ascribing the kingdom, power and glory to God alone. (Matthew 6:9-13)

See: The Limitations of Satan


God created man with free will/moral choice. What Lucifer didn’t expect was that God gave mankind a second chance through the coming sacrifice of His only begotten Son which would cancel out the penalty.

The world cannot solve any of its own problems because it is subject to the one who is the god of this age.

(2 Corinthians 4:4 "In whom the god of this world hath blinded the minds of them which believe not, lest the light of the glorious gospel of Christ, who is the image of God, should shine unto them.")

Time must continue until it has been thoroughly demonstrated that there is no health or hope apart from God. Christ shall put down all rule and all aughority and power (1 Cor. 15:24,25)


Who is the Morning Star?

The first reference to the morning star as an individual is in Isaiah 14:12:
 “How you have fallen from heaven, O morning star, son of the dawn! You have been cast down to the earth, you who once laid low the nations!” (NIV).

 The KJV and NKJV both translate “morning star” as “Lucifer, son of the morning.” It is clear from the rest of the passage that Isaiah is referring to Satan’s fall from heaven (Luke 10:18). So in this case, the morning star refers to Satan. In Revelation 22:16, Jesus unmistakably identifies Himself as the morning star. 

Why are both Jesus and Satan described as the “morning star”?

It is interesting to note that the concept of the “morning star” is not the only concept that is applied to both Jesus and Satan. 

In Revelation 5:5, Jesus is referred to as the Lion of the tribe of Judah. In 1 Peter 5:8, Satan is compared to a lion, seeking someone to devour. 

The point is this, both Jesus and Satan, to a certain extent, have similarities to lions. Jesus is similar to a lion in that He is the King, He is royal and majestic. Satan is similar to a lion in that he seeks to devour other creatures. That is where the similarities between Jesus, Satan, and lions end, however. Jesus and Satan are like lions in very different ways.

The idea of a “bright morning star” is a star that outshines all the others. Satan, as perhaps the most beautiful creation of God, probably the most powerful of all the angels, was a bright morning star. 

Jesus, as God incarnate, the Lord of the universe, is THE bright and morning star. Jesus is the most holy and powerful “light” in all the universe. 

So, while both Jesus and Satan can be described as “bright morning stars,” in no sense is this equating Jesus and Satan. Satan is a created being. His light only exists to the extent that God created it. Jesus is the light of the world (John 9:5). Only Jesus’ light is self-existent. 

Satan may be a bright morning star, but he is only a poor imitation of the one true bright morning star, Jesus Christ, the light of the world.

Please Note:

The information above is from a Bible Study I arranged which was based mostly on information found in "The Genesis Record" by Henry Morris. Any additional hand outs or information will include source information whenever possible. 

To do this study, read the chapter first and then go over each verse where it is posted in this study. Then go over the notes as provided. I encourage you to allow discussion in your class time.

*The student notes are in black text (shows white on the blog) , the additional teacher information is in grey, and answers are in red text. 

Copy and paste this study in Word as a teacher copy. Then make another copy, remove the grey and red text and 'save as' a  student copy. Make sure you leave room for answering questions. I suggest you copy and paste the hand outs into Word and run them off separately.

To see all the Genesis Bible Study Chapters, click on "Genesis Study" in the sidebar.

Please be patient as I update the information onto my blog.  This study will include Genesis Chapters One through Eleven. 



  1. FYI: I just had an article published in a Christian Apologetics Journal which is titled "Serpent Seed of Satan," see here:

    1. Very interesting indeed. I hadn't considered the difference between angels and Cherubim. I will check the scriptures provided! Thanks!!


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